Did you know ?
- Costa Rica has no military forces.
- Costa Rica has a literacy rate of 97%, the highest in Latin America.
- Costa Rica has devoted 25% of its land to National Parks and protected lands, ensuring excellent ecoturism and the widest range of adventure options.
- Our currency, the Colón, was named after Christopher Columbus, who landed on the Caribbean Coast in 1502.
- Costa Rica is only 2.5 hours from Miami and 3 hours from Houston.
- Within it's 51,200 square kilometers there is a wider variety of bird species than in all of Europe or North America.
- With a relatively small population of roughly four million inhabitants, Costa Rica also boasts of one of the oldest and more consolidated democracies in Latin America.
- In 1869 the primary education for both sexes was declared obligatory and free of cost, taken care of by the government.
-In 1882 the death sentence was abolished.
- In the year 1949 the armed military forces were abolished and the budget was devoted to education.
- In 1983 a Perpetual Neutrality was proclaimed and former president Oscar Arias Sánchez was honored with the Nobel Peace Price in 1989.
Several prestigious international human-rights organizations have their headquarters in Costa Rica, among them the Inter-American court of Human Rights and the University for Peace.
Due to all of this and to its lush 1500 kilometers of tropical sun-bathed beaches and the wild diversity of flora and fauna to be found in it's wide array of microclimates, Costa Rica has justifiably earned its reputation of a natural, social and democratic paradise.
"A picture is worth a thousand words" :
Discover the video of the ICT (Costa Rican Institute of Tourism)
- Population : 4.195.914 inhabitants (in 2008)
- Area : 51.100 km²
- Capital : San Jose
- Religion : predominantly Catholic
- Currency : Colon (CRC)
- Political system : Democracy
The flag of Costa Rica was officially adopted 27 November 1906.
The three colors (blue, white, red) are based on the flag of France. The Arms of Costa Rica are included on the national flag.
Choice of colors and symbols :
- Blue : the sky, opportunities, idealism, perseverance, eternity, intellectual thinking, as well as high ideals.
- White : peace, wisdom, happiness, and beauty of the sky.
- Red : the blood shed by the independence and generosity, warmth, and happiness of the costa rican people.